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 Tips on how to Stream Reside Occasions: The Final Information (Replace)
June 29, 2022

Tips on how to Stream Reside Occasions: The Final Information (Replace)

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Concert events, tradeshows, church providers, and city halls all went digital in 2020. Consequently, reside occasion manufacturing corporations had been pressured to digitally remodel at a breakneck tempo. The kicker? This all needed to be carried out whereas delivering the interactive viewing expertise that right now’s end-users demand.

Within the wake of this disruption, reside video streaming now performs an integral function in occasions of each taste — whether or not digital, hybrid, or in individual. And since the expertise now exists to ship immersive digital experiences at scale, companies are in a position to monetize reside occasions in surprising methods.

Our Final Information to Reside Occasion Streaming delves into every part required to future-proof your technique, together with an outline of reside occasion streaming workflows, tools suggestions, what to search for when evaluating reside occasion streaming providers, and ways for getting probably the most bang on your buck. 



Desk of Contents

  • Tips on how to Reside Stream an Occasion
    • The Reside Occasion Streaming Workflow and Beneficial Gear
  • What to Search for in a Reside Occasion Streaming Platform
    • Crucial Capabilities
    • Reside Streaming Options and Technical Necessities
  • Monetizing Your Reside Occasion
  • Buyer Success Story
  • Conclusion



Tips on how to Reside Stream an Occasion

Whereas there are a number of methods to architect a digital or hybrid occasion workflow, 5 elements are likely to play a job. These embrace a digicam, an encoder, a reside occasion streaming service, a content material supply community (CDN), and your end-users’ units. Let’s check out the step-by-step course of and really useful merchandise alongside the way in which.


The Reside Occasion Streaming Workflow and Beneficial Gear


Step 1: Seize

Reside streaming begins on the digicam. Each video and audio sources are used to seize the content material of a reside stream. Whereas the audio knowledge could be generated from a lapel or handheld microphone, the sign is often run by way of the digicam and embedded into the video supply.

Most cameras are digital and might seize photographs at a shocking 4K decision (2160p). This decision requires a really excessive bitrate to help the uncooked digital video sign popping out of the digicam, so the cables used to switch this sign should be able to dealing with massive quantities of information. HDMI or Ethernet cables can be utilized in some instances. However most frequently, a 4K sign transferred over lengthy distances requires an SDI cable to handle bandwidth necessities.

DSLR cameras, pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) cameras, webcams, and smartphones all play a job in right now’s reside occasion manufacturing workflows. Your particular state of affairs and manufacturing wants will decide which possibility works greatest for you.

Beneficial Cameras:

  • EFP Digicam: Panasonic AK-UB300
  • DSLR or Mirrorless: Sony Alpha A7 III
  • Camcorder: Panasonic AG-UX180
  • PTZ Digicam (IP and USB): Sony SRG-300H PTZ
  • Webcam: Logitech C920 HD Professional Webcam
  • Smartphone: Sony Xperia 1 II



Step 2: Encode

The second step in any reside streaming workflow is video encoding. After capturing the video along with your digicam(s) of selection — be it a production-quality setup, IP digicam, or your attendees’ cell units — reside video knowledge should be digitized for environment friendly transportation throughout the web. Video encoding is crucial to reside streaming, serving to to make sure fast supply and playback.

Encoders might be {hardware} or software program — obtainable each free or for buy — relying on what you’re attempting to realize. As a way to compress the uncooked video right into a extra manageable measurement, encoders use video and audio codecs, which apply algorithms to shrink the cumbersome video for supply. Normal video codecs embrace H.264/AVC, H.265/HEVC, AV1, VP9, and H.266/VVC.

Beneficial Reside Streaming Encoders

Our favourite software program encoders embrace Vmix, Wirecast, and the free-to-use OBS Studio.



Step 3: Course of and Package deal

As soon as encoded, the packaged stream is transported to a media server, the place it may be transcoded for adaptive bitrate supply and repackaged for seamless playback on a variety of end-user units. A reside streaming server software program or cloud streaming service might be employed to perform this and extra.

This step is the place the magic occurs. Because the media server ingests the stream, it could transcode the information right into a extra frequent codec, transize the video right into a decrease decision, transrate the file into a unique bitrate, or transmux it right into a extra scalable format.

Usually, the one stream that first entered the media server will depart as a number of renditions that accommodate various bandwidths and units for large-scale viewing. Referred to as adaptive bitrate streaming, this ensures the very best video high quality and viewer expertise attainable — irrespective of the connection, software program, or machine.

Beneficial Streaming Media Server Options

We provide Wowza Streaming Cloud as a totally managed reside occasion streaming service for individuals who wish to rise up and operating shortly. We designed the worldwide platform to robotically scale, making it a super selection for reside occasion producers. Another choice is our Wowza Streaming Engine software program, which might be put in in your servers — whether or not they’re on premises or a third-party cloud platform — permitting reside occasion producers to handle their infrastructure on their very own.



Step 4: Ship and Scale 

Except you’re solely streaming to a handful of viewers, a content material supply community (CDN) needs to be leveraged for international distribution. CDNs are networks of geographically distributed servers used to move media recordsdata. Utilizing a CDN is the quickest, most dependable option to get your content material in entrance of quite a few viewers anyplace on this planet. What’s extra, they’ll accommodate viral viewership spikes and larger-than-expected reside audiences.


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Beneficial CDNs

Free streaming platforms like Fb Reside typically have their proprietary CDN or companion with one other supplier. When you’re streaming on to one in all these websites with out simulcasting or internet hosting the occasion by yourself web site, then video supply is already taken care of.

When scaling with Wowza, the Wowza Streaming Cloud service robotically leverages the Wowza CDN to accommodate international audiences of any measurement. Wowza Streaming Engine deployments can be mixed with the Wowza CDN to ship a extremely built-in workflow.

Different nice CDNs for reside streaming embrace Akamai, Fastly, Microsoft Azure, and Amazon Cloudfront. These can be found as add-on stream targets utilizing Wowza’s product portfolio.


Step 5: Reside Video Playback 

Lastly, your digital occasion broadcast will attain finish customers. When you’ve chosen a reside streaming platform with the proper capabilities and options, playback will probably be seamless for anybody, anyplace on this planet, with entry to the web.

Beneficial Playback Gadgets

At this level, whichever units your viewers members use fall within the class of ‘most well-liked units.’ Whether or not they’re tuning in from a pill, sensible television, or VR headset, you’ll wish to put the legwork into optimizing their expertise early on by in search of a reside occasion streaming service with the proper capabilities and options.


Reside Occasion Streaming Workflow


What to Search for in a Reside Occasion Streaming Platform


Crucial Capabilities

So what’s wanted for reside occasion streaming success? Free platforms like Fb, Instagram, and YouTube could be appropriate for novice video distribution, however you’ll wish to use a reside occasion streaming service for professional-quality broadcasts.

The next capabilities are desk stakes for anybody streaming reside occasions on the skilled degree.


  • Transcoding and Packaging: If each viewer had a 4K house theater plugged into high-speed web, delivering video content material can be simple. However that’s not the case. As we speak’s viewers are out and about, accessing streams from quite a lot of units. Totally different screens and ranging web speeds make video transcoding and processing important. Along with enabling adaptive bitrate streaming, this performance means that you can repackage content material into numerous codecs for dependable playback on any machine. Selecting a streaming platform like Wowza that gives protocol flexibility will be sure that your streams play again throughout many endpoints.
  • Scalable, Dependable Supply: Getting probably the most out of your reside occasion begins with seamless video supply internationally. Top-of-the-line methods to realize that is with a content material supply community (CDN). Finish customers anticipate high-quality content material with lightning-fast supply — and CDNs play an important function in assembly these calls for. What’s extra, they supply an additional layer of reliability by way of redundancy.
  • Interactivity and Low-Latency Streaming: Whether or not your occasion is digital, hybrid, or in individual, immersive and interactive streaming capabilities will improve your viewers members’ expertise. From low-latency video to reality-bending expertise like 360° digital actuality (VR), interactive video capabilities deliver your streams to life whereas permitting viewers to have interaction as they see match.
  • Safety and Monetization: Safety is crucial to a number of of the monetization fashions detailed on this information. Why? As a result of unauthorized entry to streaming content material can compromise the revenue-boosting methods of subscription and pay-per-view providers. What’s extra, when your reside stream is getting used for non-entertainment functions — equivalent to for inner company conferences — defending delicate knowledge is essential. Authentication, encryption, and digital rights administration (DRM) are all necessary safety capabilities to search for in a reside occasion streaming supplier.
  • Versatile Infrastructure Deployment: broadcasters have to rise up and operating quick with a cloud-based deployment. For others, equivalent to enterprise or authorities organizations tasked with conserving their belongings behind a firewall, a streaming server software program like Wowza Streaming Engine could be a greater match. Regardless, you’ll wish to discover a supplier able to accommodating your distinctive deployment wants


Reside Streaming Options and Technical Necessities

Along with the big-picture attributes listed above, various particular options may come into play when evaluating suppliers.


  • Adaptive Bitrate Streaming: When you’ve ever seen the stream you’re watching alter from a fuzzy image to sharp focus in a matter of seconds, then you definitely’re aware of adaptive bitrate streaming (ABR). This performance ensures the very best video high quality and viewer expertise attainable — irrespective of your end-user’s connection, software program, or machine. As such, ABR is crucial when distributing high-quality content material, and one thing you’ll wish to prioritize when deciding on your streaming infrastructure supplier.
  • Protocol Flexibility: Reside video streaming begins with the proper instruments. With viewers throughout the globe on numerous platforms, it’s essential to architect a workflow that makes use of the very best streaming protocols at ingest and supply on your particular necessities. Protocols flexibility permits reside occasion producers to scale back latency, improve playback compatibility, and even deal with the challenges of distant video contribution.
  • Reside Occasion Help: Reside occasion help supplies the arrogance wanted when a reside broadcast is on the road. You may want extra help through the reside occasion or simply wish to check out your state of affairs upfront. Decide a supplier who can be sure that your occasions go easily by serving to to arrange, optimize, and monitor your streams. 
  • Actual-Time Captioning and Language Alternatives: There are a number of causes to make use of real-time captioning when broadcasting a reside occasion. Past growing inclusion for the listening to impaired, captions can enhance comprehension for viewers with restricted proficiency within the language. Plus, with so many individuals accessing content material on the go, captions be sure that the message is conveyed with out audio. We’ve additionally seen a latest uptick in organizations seeking to implement multi-lingual captions and audio choice, making certain accessibility for viewers all over the place.
  • Simulcasting: Simulcasting is the flexibility to take one video stream and broadcast it to a number of locations concurrently, thereby maximizing your impression. This leads to publicity to the broadest viewers attainable, irrespective of which platform or service your viewers want. Having the ability to simply simulcast to Fb, Twitter, and YouTube will simplify your workflow with out compromising attain.
  • Reside-to-VOD: In case your major broadcast is reside, however you’d like the flexibility to immediately create video on demand (VOD) belongings out of your reside streams, you’ll wish to discover a streaming platform that helps live-to-VOD streaming. This provides your viewers the ability to play, pause, and rewind content material at their comfort by accessing on-demand content material produced out of your reside occasions or utilizing nDVR for quick time-shifted playback. It additionally creates extra monetization alternatives and boosts ROI by permitting you to repurpose the content material as soon as the occasion has ended.
  • Publishing Pre-Recorded Content material as Reside: The power to publish pre-recorded movies as reside permits content material distributors to schedule easy and sophisticated sequences of VOD belongings upfront. Freeman, one of many main international occasion companies, accommodated a 3,000% improve in common streaming hours monthly through the pandemic by leveraging this precise function. As a result of they had been in a position to reliably stream hundreds of hours of video with out increasing in-house employees, the scheduled playback function saved prices down and minimized complexity.
  • 360-Diploma and Digital Actuality (VR) Streaming: Additionally known as immersive video, 360° streaming lets customers management their expertise by trying round in several instructions whereas carrying a VR headset. Whereas adoption of this expertise has taken a while, we’re beginning to see the following wave of 5G-enabled reside VR with 8K functionality (which Wowza helps). This expertise provides each distant attendee a front-row seat, closing the hole between reside occasion producers and their viewers.
  • Digital Rights Administration: Digital Rights Administration (DRM) lets content material distributors management entry to premium content material by confirming that every end-user has the proper to view any streams situated behind a paywall. This refined safety measure helps shield your income stream, making it nearly as good as cash within the financial institution.
  • Looping Pre-Roll Content material Earlier than the Reside Stream Begins: Within the moments main as much as a reside broadcast, it’s a good suggestion to maintain viewers engaged with pre-roll content material. This performance can be utilized to insert ads or countdowns and proves particularly useful if any hiccups happen.
  • Customized Options: Subsequent-level reside occasion streaming requires two issues: dependable streaming infrastructure and a solutions-oriented companion. Whether or not you require strategic steering, complete performance, or customized implementation, it’s a good suggestion to hunt out suppliers that supply skilled providers to help your particular streaming wants.


Monetizing Your Reside Occasions

Most reside occasions fall in one in all two camps so far as income is worried: promoting or pay-per-view. That mentioned, these approaches can be supplemented with extra ways.

  • Transaction (Pay-Per-View): By placing your reside stream behind a paywall, you’re in a position to cost viewers the worth of a single digital ticket earlier than tuning into the stream.
  • Promoting: Whether or not this takes the type of pre-roll or overlay adverts, the commercial mannequin is an effective selection if you wish to eradicate friction when attracting viewers to the reside stream.
  • Subscription: A subscription-based monetization strategy entails charging viewers a recurring payment for entry to your occasions, which additionally means that you can revenue from the VOD recordings supplied solely to paid customers.
  • Sponsorship: A subset of ad-based monetization is sponsorship. This typically entails endorsing a services or products through the reside occasion — however may even be as easy as together with a slide that claims, “Because of our sponsor, [insert brand name here].”
  • Donations: Donations work effectively for nonprofit broadcasts, equivalent to digital galas and different charity occasions.
  • Supplementary Techniques and Hybrid Fashions: Merchandise, partnerships, and gamification may increase income — however they received’t probably function the be-all and end-all. That’s okay, as a result of hybrid monetization fashions have gotten extra frequent. As an example, a reside occasion producer may mix the pay-per-view mannequin with some sponsorship income, whereas additionally providing premium recordings and interactive participation choices to subscribers.



Buyer Success Story: Freeman


Accommodated a


improve in common streaming hours monthly.

Transitioned to a


digital occasion area in a single day.

Now streaming roughly

95,000 hours

of content material every month.

When in-person occasions grew to become a bodily impossibility in early 2020, it didn’t cease the worldwide chief in occasions from delivering on consumer wants. Freeman effortlessly transitioned to a 100% digital supplier through the pandemic by teaming up with Wowza.

Freeman relied on Wowza Streaming Cloud to schedule a whole bunch of pre-recorded movies for playback as if reside. This allowed them to stream hundreds of hours of video on the similar time with out increasing in-house employees. The main international occasion company additionally benefited from the agility to ship on consumer expectations whereas conserving prices down.

Freeman additionally enlisted the assistance of our Skilled Providers workforce to architect distinctive configurations for multi-lingual occasion capabilities, whereas additionally supporting simulcasting, video processing, and extra.

By embracing change and reinvesting in future alternatives, Freeman survived the most important disrupter of the twenty first century: COVID-19. And past simply assembly their clients’ calls for, the occasion powerhouse labored with Wowza to redefine the business with progressive reside streaming options.

 Learn the Case Examine 



With greater than a decade of expertise powering video for 35,000 plus organizations, Wowza’s full-service platform is the gold customary for reside streaming expertise. Our dependable reside occasion streaming options eradicate bodily limitations between manufacturing groups and their audiences — whereas delivering customized experiences worldwide.

We help the entire capabilities detailed on this information and have the know-how to place streaming to work for your small business. Discover out why right now’s occasion leaders are working with Wowza to energy the following period of reside.


Begin Streaming With Wowza

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About Traci Ruether

As a Colorado-based B2B tech author, Traci Ruether serves as Wowza’s content material advertising and marketing supervisor. Her background is in streaming and community infrastructure. Other than writing, Traci enjoys cooking, gardening, and spending high quality time along with her kith and kin. Comply with her… View extra

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